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10 April 2020

International crimes and domestic criminal Law

Source: The Ukrainian Journal of Business Law

International crime is a negative social phenomenon detrimental to the development and national security of individual states. It has overstepped the borders of states and turned into a serious international threat that requires cooperation between states globally.

What are International Crimes?

International crimes include especially dangerous acts violating the fundamental principles and norms of international law, which are of essence to the international community and adversely affect the system of international relations overall, especially during armed conflicts.

To minimize the number of victims, international law regulates the conduct of parties to an armed conflict. It defines the actions qualifying as violations of the laws and customs of war. Serious violations of the laws and customs of war also qualify as war crimes.

On 8 August 1945, the Charter of the International Military Tribunal — Annex to the Agreement for the prosecution and punishment of the major war criminals of the European Axis was adopted in London. This Charter was the first document that classified international crimes; at a later stage, such classification became the basis for other international acts.

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